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东洞庭湖国家级自然保护区鸟类名录  

2012-03-21 10:10:30|  分类: 自然科学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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东洞庭湖国家级自然保护区鸟类名录

编号 中文名 英文名 拉丁名

鸡形目
雉科Phasianidae
1
鹌鹑 Common Quail Coturnix coturnix
2
日本鹌鹑 Japanese Quail Coturnix japonica
3
灰胸竹鸡 Chinese Bamboo Partridge Bambusicola thoracica
4
白鹇 Silver Pheasant Lophura nycthemera
5
雉鸡 Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus
雁形目
鸭科Anatidae
6
大天鹅 Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus
7
小天鹅 Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus
8
鸿雁 Swan Goose Anser cygnoides
9
豆雁 Bean Goose Anser fabalis
10
白额雁 Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons
11
小白额雁 Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus
12
灰雁 Greylag Goose Anser anser
13
斑头雁 Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
14
雪雁 Snow Goose Anser caerulescens
15
黑雁 Brent Goose Branta bernicla
16
红胸黑雁 Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis
17
赤麻鸭 Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
18
翘鼻麻鸭 Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
19
棉凫 Cotton Pygmy Goose Nettapus coromandelianus
20
丑鸭 harlequin duck Histrionicus histrioncus
21
鸳鸯 Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata
22
赤膀鸭 Gadwall Anas strepera
23
罗纹鸭 Falcated Duck Anas falcata
24
赤颈鸭 Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
25
绿头鸭 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
26
斑嘴鸭 Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
27
琵嘴鸭 Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
28
针尾鸭 Northern Pintail Anas acuta
29
白眉鸭 Garganey Anas querquedula
30
花脸鸭 Baikal Teal Anas formosa
31
绿翅鸭 Common Teal Anas crecca
32
红头潜鸭 Common Pochard Aythya ferina
33
青头潜鸭 Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri
34
凤头潜鸭 Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
35
斑背潜鸭 Greater Scaup Aythya marila
36
鹊鸭 Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
37
白秋沙鸭 Smew Mergellus albellus
38
中华秋沙鸭 Scaly-sided Merganser Mergus squamatus
39
普通秋沙鸭 Common Merganser Mergus merganser
三趾鹑目
三趾鹑科Turnicidae
40
黄脚三趾鹑 Yellow-legged Buttonquail Turnix tanki
裂形目
啄木鸟科 Picidae
41
蚁鴷 Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla
42
小斑啄木鸟 Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor
43
大斑啄木鸟 Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
44
灰头绿啄木鸟 Grey-headed Woodpecker Picus canus
45
棕腹啄木鸟 Rufous-bellied Woodpecker Dendrocopos hyperythrus
戴胜目
戴胜科Upupidae
46
戴胜 Common Hoopoe Upupa epops
佛法僧目
佛法僧科Coraciidae
47
三宝鸟 Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis
翠鸟科Alcedinidae
48
普通翠鸟 Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
翡翠科Halcyonidae
49
白胸翡翠 White-thoated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
50
蓝翡翠 Black-capped Kingfisher Halcyon pileata
鱼狗科Cerylidae
51
冠鱼狗 Crested Kingfisher Megaceryle lugubris
52
斑鱼狗 Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis
蜂虎科
53
蓝喉蜂虎 blue-throated bee-eater Merops viridis
鹃形目
杜鹃科Cuculidae
54
红翅凤头鹃 Chestnut-winged Cuckoo Clamator coromandus
55
四声杜鹃 Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus
56
大杜鹃 Eurasian Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
57
中杜鹃 Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus
58
乌鹃 Drongo Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris
59
噪鹃 Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopacea
雨燕目
雨燕科Apodidae
60
白腰雨燕 Fork-tailed Swift Apus pacificus
鸮形目
草鸮科
61
草鸮 Grass Owl Tyto capensis
62
黄脚渔鸮 Tawny Fish Owl Ketupa flavipes
63
斑头鸺鹠 Asian Barred Owlet Glaucidium cuculoides
64
长耳鸮 Long-eared Owl Asio otus
65
短耳鸮 Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
夜鹰科Caprimulgidae
66
普通夜鹰 Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus indicus
鸽形目
鸠鸽科Columbidae
67
山斑鸠 Oriental Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis
68
珠颈斑鸠 Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis
69
火斑鸠 Red Collared Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica
鹤形目
鸨科Otididae
70
大鸨 Great Bustard Otis tarda
鹤科Gruidae
71
白鹤 Siberian Crane Grus leucogeranus
72
白枕鹤 White-naped Crane Grus vipio
73
灰鹤 Common Crane Grus grus
74
白头鹤 Hooded Crane Grus monacha
秧鸡科Rallidae
75
花田鸡 Swinhoe's Crake Coturnicops exquisitus
76
普通秧鸡 Water Rail Rallus aquaticus
77
长脚秧鸡 Corn Crake Crex crex
78
红脚苦恶鸟 Brown Crake Amaurornis akool
79
白胸苦恶鸟 White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
80
小田鸡 Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla
81
斑胁田鸡 Band-bellied Crake Porzana paykullii
82
董鸡 Watercock Gallicrex cinerea
83
黑水鸡 Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
84
骨顶鸡 Common Coot Fulica atra
鹳形目
丘鹬科Family Scolopacidae
85
丘鹬 Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
86
针尾沙锥 Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
87
大沙锥 Swinhoe's Snipe Gallinago megala
88
扇尾沙锥 Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
鹬亚科Tringinae
89
黑尾塍鹬 Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
90
小杓鹬 Little Curlew Numenius minutus
91
中杓鹬 Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
92
白腰杓鹬 Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
93
大杓鹬 Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis
94
鹤鹬 Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
95
红脚鹬 Common Redshank Tringa totanus
96
泽鹬 Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
97
青脚鹬 Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
98
小青脚鹬 Nordmann's Greenshank Tringa guttifer
99
白腰草鹬 Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
100
林鹬 Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
101
矶鹬 Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
102
半蹼鹬 Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus
103
红腹滨鹬 Red Knot Calidris canutus
104
三趾鹬 Sanderling Calidris alba
105
勺嘴鹬 Spoon-billed Sandpiper Calidris pygmeus
106
黑腹滨鹬 Dunlin Calidris alpina
107
青脚滨鹬 temminck's stint calidris temminckii
108
红颈滨鹬 red-necked stint calidris ruficollis
109
阔嘴鹬 Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus
110
流苏鹬 ruff philomachus pugnax
111
红颈瓣蹼鹬 Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
雉行科Jacanidae
112
水雉 Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
鸻科Charadriidae
113
鹮嘴鹬 Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii
114
黑翅长脚鹬 Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
115
反嘴鹬 Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
116
金斑鸻 Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva
117
灰斑鸻 Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
118
剑鸻 Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
119
东方鸻 oriental plover Charadrius veredus
120
金眶鸻 Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
121
环颈鸻 Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
122
凤头麦鸡 Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
123
灰头麦鸡 Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus
燕鸻科Glareolidae
124
普通燕鸻 Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum
欧科Laridae
125
海鸥 Mew Gull Larus canus
126
北极鸥 Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus
127
灰背鸥 Slaty-backed Gull Larus schistisagus
128
银鸥 Herring Gull Larus argentatus
129
渔鸥 Pallas’s Gull Larus ichthyaetus
130
红嘴鸥 Common Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
131
红嘴巨鸥 Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
132
普通燕鸥 Common Tern Sterna hirundo
133
白额燕鸥 Little Tern Sterna albifrons
134
须浮鸥 Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus
135
黑尾鸥 black-tailed gull larus crassirostris
鹰科Accipitridae
136
黑耳鸢 Black-eared Kite Milvus lineatjus
137
白尾海雕 White-tailed Sea Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla
138
白头鹞 Eurasian Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
139
白尾鹞 Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus
140
鹊鹞 Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos
141
赤腹鹰 Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis
142
雀鹰 Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
143
苍鹰 Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
144
普通鵟 Common Buzzard Buteo buteo
隼科Falconidae
145
白腿小隼 Pied falconet Microhierax melanoleucos
146
红隼 Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
147
红脚隼 Red-footed falcon Falco vespertinus
148
阿穆尔隼 Amur Falcon Falco amurensis
149
燕隼 Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo
150
游隼 Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
151
小鸊鷉 Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
152
凤头鸊鷉 Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
153
赤颈鸊鷉 Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena
154
角鸊鷉 Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus
鸬鹚科Phalacrocoracidae
155
普通鸬鹚 Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
鹭科Ardeidae
156
白鹭 Little Egret Egretta garzetta
157
黄嘴白鹭 Chinese Egret Egretta eulophotes
158
苍鹭 Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
159
草鹭 Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
160
大白鹭 Great Egret Casmerodius albus
161
中白鹭 Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia
162
牛背鹭 Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
163
池鹭 Chinese Pond-heron Ardeola bacchus
164
夜鹭 Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
165
绿鹭 Little Heron Butorides striatus
166
小苇鳽 Little Bittern Ixobrychus minitus
167
黄苇鳽 Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
168
紫背苇鳽 Von Schrenck's Bittern Ixobrychus eurhythmus
169
栗苇鳽 Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
170
黑鳽 Black Bittern Dupetor flavicollis
171
大麻鳽 Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris
红鹳科Phoenicopteridae
172
大火烈鸟[大红鹳] Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
缳科Threskiornithidae
173
白琵鹭 Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
174
黑脸琵鹭 Black-faced Spoonbill Platalea minor
鹈鹕科Pelecanidae
175
斑嘴鹈鹕 Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
鹳科Ciconiidae
176
黑鹳 Black Stork Ciconia nigra
177
东方白鹳 Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana
雀形目
伯劳科Laniidae
178
牛头伯劳 Bull-headed Shrike Lanius bucephalus
179
红尾伯劳 Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus
180
棕背伯劳 Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
181
虎纹伯劳 tiger shrike lanius tigrinus
鸦科Corvidae
182
松鸦 Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius
183
灰喜鹊 Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus
184
喜鹊 Black-billed Magpie Pica pica
185
红嘴蓝鹊 red-billed blue magpie urocissa erythrorhyncha
186
达乌里寒鸦 Daurian Jackdaw Corvus dauuricus
187
秃鼻乌鸦 Rook Corvus frugilegus
188
小嘴乌鸦 Carrion Crow Corvus corone
189
白颈鸦 Collared crow Corvus torquatus
190
大嘴乌鸦 Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos
191
黑枕黄鹂 Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis
192
灰山椒鸟 Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus
193
黑卷尾 Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus
194
灰卷尾 Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus
195
发冠卷尾 Spangled Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus
196
寿带 Asian Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi
翁科Musciccapidae
197
灰背鸫 Grey-backed Thrush Turdus hortulorum
198
紫啸鸫 Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus
199
虎斑地鸫 Scaly Thrush Zoothera dauma
200
乌鸫 Eurasian Blackbird Turdus merula
201
灰头鸫 Chestnut Thrush Turdus rubrocanus
202
白腹鸫 Pale Thrush Turdus pallidus
203
斑鸫 Dusky Thrush Turdus naumanni
204
宝兴歌鸫 Chinese Thrush Turdus mupinensis
205
白眉地鸫 Siberian Ground Thrush Zoothera sibirica
206
白喉矶鸫 white-throated rock thrush momticola gularis
207
白喉林鹟 Brown-chested Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias brunneata
208
乌鹟 Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica
209
鸲鹟 Mugimaki Flycatcher Ficedula mugimaki
210
红喉姬鹟 Red-throated Flycatcher Ficedula parva
211
红尾歌鸲 Rufous-tailed Robin Luscinia sibilans
212
红胁蓝尾鸲 Orang-flanked Bush Robin Tarsiger cyanurus
213
红尾水鸲 Plumbeous Water Redstart Plumbeous Water Redstart
214
蓝额红尾鸲 Blue-fronted Redstart Phoenicurus frontalis
215
鹊鸲 Oriental Magpie Robin Copsychus saularis
216
黑喉石即鸟 Common Stonechat Saxicola torquata
217
北红尾鸲 Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus
椋鸟科Sturnidae
218
丝光椋鸟 Red-billed Starling Sturnus sericeus
219
北椋鸟 Purple-backed Starling Sturnus sturninus
220
灰椋鸟 White-checked Starling Sturnus cineraceus
221
灰背椋鸟 Grey-backed Starling Sturnus sinensis
222
八哥 Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus
币科Sittidae
223
普通 Wood Nuthatch Sitta eurooaea
旋木雀科Certhiidae
224
鹪嘹 Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
山雀科Paridae
225
白冠攀雀 White-crowned Penduline Tit Remiz coronatus
226
中华攀雀 Chinese Penduline Tit Remiz consobrinus
227
煤山雀 Coal Tit Parus ater
228
黄腹山雀 Yellow-bellied Tit Parus venustulus
229
大山雀 Great Tit Parus major
230
沼泽山雀 Marsh Tit Parus palustris
长尾山雀科Aegithalidae
231
红头长尾山雀 Black-throated Tit Aegithalos concinnus
232
银喉长尾山雀 Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus
燕科Hirundinidae
233
家燕 Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
234
金腰燕 Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica
235
崖沙燕 Sand Martin Riparia riparia
鹎科Pycnonotidae
236
领雀嘴鹎 Collared Finchbill Spizixos semitorques
237
白头鹎 Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis
扇尾莺科Cisticolidae
238
棕扇尾莺 Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
239
褐头鹪莺 Plain Prinia Prinia inornata
240
山鹪莺 striated prinia prinia criniger
绣眼鸟科Zosteropidae
241
暗绿绣眼鸟 Japanese White-eye Zosterops japonicus
莺科Sylviidae
242
强脚树莺 Brownish-flanked Bush Warbler Cettia fortipes
243
远东树莺 Manchurian Bush Warble Cettia canturians
244
东方大苇莺 Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalu Orientalis
245
黑眉苇莺 Black-browed Reed Warbler Acrocephalu bistrigices
246
厚嘴苇莺 Thick-billed Warbler Acrocephalu aedon
247
巨嘴苇莺 Radde’s Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus
248
长尾缝叶莺 Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius
249
褐柳莺 Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus
250
黄腰柳莺 Pallas's Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus
251
黄眉柳莺 Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus
252
巨嘴柳莺 Radde’s Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus
253
棕脸鹟莺 Rufous-faces Warbler Abroscopus albogularis
254
黑脸噪鹛 Masked Laughingthrush Garrulax Perspicillatus
255
画眉 Hwamei Garrulax canorus
256
白颊噪鹛 White-browed Laughingthrush Garrulax sannio
257
棕颈钩嘴鹛 Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Ponatorhinus ruficollis
258
红嘴相思鸟 Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea
259
灰头鸦雀 Grey-headed Parrotbill Paradoxornis gularis
260
棕头鸦雀 Vinous-throated Parrotbill Paradoxornis webbianus
261
黑额凤眉鸟 Black-chinned Yuhina Yuhina nigrimenta
百灵科Alaudidae
262
云雀 Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis
263
小云雀 Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula
麻雀科Passeridae
264
树麻雀 Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
265
山麻雀 Cinnamon Sparrow Passer rutilans
266
山鹡鸰 Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus
267
白鹡鸰 White Wagtail Motacilla alba
268
黄鹡鸰 Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
269
灰鹡鸰 Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
270
林鹨 Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
271
田鹨 paddyfield pipit anthus rufulus
272
树鹨 Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni
273
红喉鹨 Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus
274
水鹨 Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta
275
黄腹鹨 Buff-bellied Pipit Anthus rubescens
276
布莱氏鹨 Blyth’s Pipit Anthus godlewskii
277
北鹨 Pechora Pipit Anthus gustavi
278
白腰文鸟 White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata
279
斑文鸟 Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata
燕雀科Fringillidae
280
燕雀 Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
281
金翅雀 Grey-capped Greenfinch Carduelis sinica
282
普通朱雀 Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus
283
黑尾蜡嘴雀 Yellow-billed Grosbeak Eophona migratoria
284
蓝鹀 Slaty Bunting Siemsseni
285
白头鹀 Pine Bunting Emberiza ieucocephalos
286
三道眉草鹀 Meadow Bunting Emberiza cioides
287
栗耳鹀 Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata
288
小鹀 Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla
289
黄眉鹀 Yellow-browed Bunting Emberiza chrysophrys
290
田鹀 Rustic Bunting Emberiza rustica
291
黄喉鹀 Yelloe-throated Bunting Emberize elegans
292
黄胸鹀 Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola
293
栗鹀 Chestnut Bunting Emberiza rutila
294
灰头鹀 Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala
295
苇鹀 Pallas's Bunting Emberiza pallasi
296
芦鹀 Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus
297
铁爪鹀 Lapland longspur Calcarius lapponicus


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